Cuban Criollo 98 is one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars. This is a walking tour of the tobacco fields and cigar making process. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Although the Cuban industry will argue that it defines the cigar’s final flavour, others will suggest that the wrapper plays a role in this too. The West of Cuba, where the acclaimed Pinar del Rio is located, is a region that has earned to the name of being the best place to cultivate tobacco for Cuban Cigars.. Cuban tobacco production was the country’s biggest agricultural export for most of the 1700s, and cigar rolling remained relatively unchanged over the next century. The exodus of Cuban seed began in earnest with the exodus of Cuban cigar-makers after the Castro revolution nationalized the island’s cigar industry. But the farmers know which farms are the best, and who is producing the finest tobacco in Cuba. Havana tobacco is widely renowned as the flavorful leaf of the infamous This year, only Cuban farmers appear to be planting Corojo 2012. Ligero Leaf Tobacco. In each case the leaves have different characteristics at different levels of the plant, and each leaf is classified accordingly. A single tobacco plant can give a farmer about 4,000 to 5,000 seeds. This early form of cigar intrigued Columbus, and he took some tobacco to Spain. This Cuban tobacco can also be used to blend a stronger cigarette or pipe tobacco. Here you find the world-famous El Corojo Vega as well as the Cuchillas de Barbacoa farm. In fact, some prescient Cuban cigar-makers had begun experimenting with planting Cuban seeds in Central America as early as 1956. https://www.holts.com/clubhouse/cuban-cigars/what-is-cuban-seed-tobacco They referred to the tobacco plant as Cohiba. Tobacco seeds are each about the size of a poppy seed. Around 1940, an improved seed variety Criollo was developed, and later a sub-variety Corojo was developed for wrappers. Cuban cigars are made from tobacco grown with Cuban seeds, but so are some cigars using tobacco grown outside of Cuba. San Luis*: Small town at the epicentre of Cuban tobacco culture, known above all for the cultivation of wrapper leaves.As a district located in the Vuelta Abajo* zone, its name is protected as a Denomination of Origin. The native inhabitants had already been smoking tobacco for several centuries. Apparently, the natives had been smoking for centuries , sometimes rolling green leaves from the plant they called “cohiba” and wrapping them in palm leaves or maize before dipping them in seawater. Smoking tobacco this way intrigued Columbus. Cuban cigar makers starting planting tobacco in areas not suited for it, and fast-forwarded the curing, fermentation and aging processes that contribute to a cigar’s flavor. The Oliva tobacco-growing family, wary of Fidel Castro, planted a tobacco farm in 1960 in La Plata, Honduras. Cuban tobacco farmers are celebrating a bumper crop after two bad years that coincided with a boom in demand set off by a surge of tourists and looser U.S. rules on cigar-buying. First, remember that the origin of cigars is determined by the nation in which the cigars are manufactured. Cuban Criollo 98 Tobacco Cuban Criollo 98 is one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars. The full force of Cuban sunlight develops the glorious variety of flavours that are blended to form the rich and complex taste of a Habano. If the weather does not drop below freezing, you can also keep … Each leaf has its own destiny. The Tobacconist University glossary defines it as a “newer Cuban hybrid [dark tobacco] varietal which started to be grown widely around 2007. When Christopher Columbus reached Cuba in 1492 , he discovered the locals “drinking smoke” from an early version of a cigar. Nicotiana tabacum is the Latin name for tobacco. Dominican. It begins in the Valle de Vinales which is located in the Pinar del Rio province of Cuba. Basically, it’s all in the Ligero, which are the top leaves of the tobacco plant. Use it for cigars as filler and wrapper. www.habanos.com/en/el-mundo-del-habano/la-hoja-ideal-para-cada-proposito Believed to be of Cuban decent, this tobacco produces a taste not dissimilar to Gitanes. Macanudo has long used Cuban-seed filler. All Rights Reserved. The Punch Deluxe line is an excellent example of how good a blended cigar can be. It originated from a crossing between the varieties ' Havana 92' and `Habana P.R'. Cultivated in the sun it produces from 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant and makes an excellent binder. The Plant. The cigars you buy these days that promote “Cuban-seed tobacco” could be made almost anywhere in the world. However, they learned quickly. Daniel Rodriguez, one of pre-Castro Cuba’s most successful growers, grew tobacco in Nicaragua shortly after fleeing Cuba in 1960. In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed in Cuba. These were once outside, but now are usually specially designed water trays fed with fertilizer. Read More. Here is a collection of our three best selling cigar tobacco seed types. The Kristoff Criollo boasts an oily Cuban-seed wrapper grown in Nicaragua. The Cuban Tobacco Enterprise Group, Tabacuba, was created in July of 2000, and is subordinate to the Ministry of Agriculture, as the only economic organization in the country which comprehensively directs tobacco activity in all phases of its production chain, from agriculture to sales on the international market, and within the Cuban environment. This man had fled Cuba in the early 1960s. But seeds will travel. Tobacco, common name of the plant Nicotiana tabacum and, to a limited extent, Aztec tobacco (N. rustica) and the cured leaf that is used, usually after aging and processing in various ways, for smoking, chewing, snuffing, and extraction of nicotine. The tobacco fruit measures at 1.5 mm to 2 mm, and consists of a capsule containing two seeds. This spring, the fields in the province some 90 miles (150 kilometers) west of Havana are carpeted with healthy green tobacco plants. Content available in the following languages: All rights reserved © Habanos S.A. • Havana City, Cuba • Site Hosted and Developed by Golden Age Ltd. This Cuban tobacco can also be used to blend a stronger cigarette or pipe tobacco. Instituto de Investigaciones del Tabaco. The practice of smuggling out Cuban seeds was of enough concern that in 2007 the Cubans started growing a hybrid varietal called Capero Uno that produced no flowers and, therefore, no seeds. A premier cigar tobacco seed collection. Overall, a cigar will consist of a variety of different tobacco primings to achieve this. Cuban tobacco seed is imported and grown in the United States. Criollo is yet another classic Cuban tobacco plant which has a centuries old history. To grow tobacco, close attention has to be paid to the crop, from seed to cigar... Diehard connoisseurs and novices frequently express inquiry and debate on the origins of why Cuban cigars are good. A mere gram of tobacco seed equates to about 10,000 of the tiny brown pellets. Tobacco is native to the Americas, and cultivation was thought to have begun as early as 6000 BCE. Those liberated Cuban seeds laid the foundation for the non-Cuban cigar industry we know and love today. Corojo is a type of tobacco used primarily in the making of cigars, originally grown in the Vuelta Abajo region of Cuba. Cuban farmers planted more than 30.000 hectares of tobacco for the 2915-2016 season, despite adverse weather conditions. … These leaves used to be thrown in with the Ligero leaves. The idea was to maintain control of the tobacco plant genetics and where the tobacco was grown. The Tobacco Research Institute, which controls the seeds used by the farmers and conducts research to improve seed strains by using natural methods of crossing and selection. Punch promotes its core line by informing that, “The blend features Cuban-seed tobaccos covered in an Ecuador Natural wrapper that are sure to impress.” Macanudo and Kristoff, among others, tout their Cuban-seed wrappers. It reaches an average height of 6 feet. With no tobacco, the factories became idle and some were closed. He opened it and showed the grower some tiny seeds. It reaches an average height of 6 feet. The cultivated tobacco plant normally grows to one or two feet high. It seems that Cuba can't develop a seed that won't make its way to other tobacco-producing countries. The term Cuban-seed tobacco usually refers to plants that are grown outside of Cuba with seeds that originated in Cuba, meaning seeds that came from tobacco plants grown in Cuba. The five flower petals are contained within a Corolla and can be colored white, yellow, pink, or red. The tobacco plant normally has 16 to 17 leaves. They’re not hard to hide and put in your pocket as you fly from Havana to, say, Managua. Not only is the first plant grown outside of Cuba with Cuban seed considered to be grown from Cuban seed, but all subsequent plants using the seed from the plant grown outside of Cuba also claim the title. The best deals on the highest rated products on Amazon. The indigenous tobacco plant discovered on the island by Christopher Columbus. Corojo was originally developed and grown by Diego Rodriguez at his farm or vega, Santa Ines del Corojo, and takes its name from the farm. At the height of tobacco’s popularity, there were approximately 10,000 tobacco plantations across the island (several of which are still in existence today) producing millions of cigars every year. You will get pure, 100% Cuban cigar tobacco. It belongs to the plant family Solanaceae, as do potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplant. Read More. Cuba is boosting the production of tobacco, one of its main export products that could raise revenues in 2020, with the cultivation of the Burley variety for cigarette making and the creation of new centers for the processing of the plant.. Believed to have medicinal qualities, the raw leaves were twisted and smoked for centuries before Columbus sailed to the New World. Tobacco seeds are planted in late October. The Royal Corona, for example, 5 x 44, about $7.00, is a great full-bodied representation of the values of mixing different tobaccos. The muslin cover filters the sunlight and traps the heat so the leaves grow larger and finer – perfect conditions for growing the perfect wrapper leaf. The Cuban Tobacco Enterprise Group, Tabacuba, was created in July of 2000, and is subordinate to the Ministry of Agriculture, as the only economic organization in the country which comprehensively directs tobacco activity in all phases of its production chain, from agriculture to sales on the international market, and within the Cuban environment. Name of the province that embraces all of the important growing zones in the west of Cuba, and the name of the provincial capital. Further new varieties have since been introduced to combat pests and diseases as well as such problems as the effects of global climate change. The Arawaks offered him some dried leaves as a token of friendship. Capero No.1 is a cross between Habanos 2000 + Corojo ’99 + Criollo ’98. Cuba. In this Feb. 28, 2017 photo, a picker collects tobacco leaves at the Martinez farm in Cuba's western province Pinar del Rio. Simply, they are taken out by human beings. Cultivated in the sun it produces from 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant and makes an excellent binder. Cuban cigars are generally made just like any other cigar. Find the perfect cuba tobacco plant stock photo. Most premium cigars have been using leaves from tobacco crops in the Dominican Republic for decades now. So what differentiates a Cuban cigar from another cigar not made on the Communist island? Nevertheless, a well-blended selection of filler tobacco is essential. Robaina says it's a combination of Corojo '99, Criollo '98 and Havana 2000. “We had a jump on producing tobacco outside of Cuba,” John Oliva, Sr., told Cigar Aficionado. In terms of cigarettes, a good rule of thumb of 4 plants per carton of cigarettes, or 50 cigarettes per plant. Cuba has been growing tobacco for centuries, and it’s honed its traditions during that time. The botanists had two goals; first to identify the original seed’s characteristics that delivered the classic Cuban taste; and second, to find varieties resistant to the many diseases that plagued the farmers. Copyright © 2020 Holt's Cigar Company. Along with being an attractive ornamental annual, 'Havana' is a variety that is used for cigars and for chewing. Cuba, the homeland of the prestigious Cuban cigar, is considered to be the best place to cultivate tobacco. It is the size of about two football fields long and its’ construction is specific for drying and curing tobacco. Cuban Criollo 98 is one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars. Cuban cigars have long been an elusive commodity in the United States. In this Feb. 28, 2017 photo, farm hand Jorge Luis Leon Becerra uses a plow powered by oxen over an area where tobacco plants were recently harvested, at the Martinez tobacco farm in Cuba… The Cuban Revolution— exodus happens. But seeds will travel. There are many numbered varieties of 'Havana' tobaccos. From the 16th Century onwards, the tobacco that grew naturally in Cuba proved good enough to establish an unrivalled reputation throughout the world. Habano 2000 is derived from a crossing between the variety Corojo and a non commercial variety of Cuban dark tobacco, the Habano 2.1.1. The curing house is a Cuban-style “casa de tabaco”. In this Feb. 28, 2017 photo, students pass through on a dirt road flanked by tobacco fields in Cuba's western province Pinar del Rio. Four years later an improved seed variety named Criollo was introduced and this remains the basis of all the seeds permitted for the growing of Habano tobacco. The Garcia family, makers of My Father, rely on Cuban-seed tobaccos throughout the brands they roll at their factory in Estelí, Nicaragua. Capero No.1 is a cross between Habanos 2000 + Corojo ’99 + Criollo ’98. Ligero (pronounced lee-HERR-oh) is the leaf found near the top of each tobacco plant.It is slower to mature than the leaves in the middle and bottom of the stalk. Tobacco plants need full sun throughout the day, so keep them near a large window. The new book including all essential information on Habanos and its brands has just [...], JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember - 01020304050607080910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031 - 191019111912191319141915191619171918191919201921192219231924192519261927192819291930193119321933193419351936193719381939194019411942194319441945194619471948194919501951195219531954195519561957195819591960196119621963196419651966196719681969197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020. These were among the first seeds from the Habano varietal that had been developed in Cuba. Cuban Criollo 98 is one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars. Over the next couple of years, Habano and Habano 2000 was being widely grown in Nicaragua. Ultimately, non-Cuban cigars, because of the capacity to blend tobaccos from anywhere in the world, can be much more complex than Cuban cigars. The plants are placed into soil pots and immersed in the water for the first 45-50 days of germination. Since the return of the first Spanish expedition to Spain, Cuban black tobacco has been traded, grown and loved throughout the world. The term is used to describe the method of growing tobacco for wrappers in the shade under muslin cloth. A few days later, a party from Columbus' ship docked off the coast of Cuba and witnessed local peoples there smoking tobacco through Y-shaped tubes which they inserted in their noses, inhaling smoke until they lost consciousness. Tobacco seeds are planted in narrow nursery beds. The cigar makers took their prized tobacco seeds with them to countries like Honduras and, later, the Dominican Republic and Nicaragua, among others. Tobacco plants are planted late in the year and grown for three months before farmers pick them, leaf by leaf. He brought some of the tobacco back to Spain. In 1998, I was sitting having espresso with a well-known tobacco grower in Estelí, Nicaragua. The yield of a tobacco plant depends on the variety and growing conditions. Initially, the seeds are kept in greenhouses, but they … 'Havana' is an attractive, productive plant that reaches about five feet tall and produces pretty, pink, trumpet-shaped flowers. The amount of tobacco under cultivation in Cuba declined 65% between 2009 and 2014, to 21,733 acres, and annual tobacco production declined 21%, to about 20,000 tons, according to … If I may digress for a moment, there’s a Cuban tobacco seed called Capero Uno, also referred to as Capero No.1. Habanos. This year, only Cuban farmers appear to be planting Corojo 2012. In 1994, Tabacalera, Spain's largest tobacco buyer, offered Cubatabaco financial assistance with production and export in exchange for a guarantee of primary preference on tobacco export, with the expectation that Tabacalera would account for three quarters of Cuban tobacco exports, and 40 percent of cigar exports. Leaves average 24 inches in length and 12 inches wide. The locals would roll its leaves in palm oil or maize before they would smoke it. It reaches an average height of 6 feet. Two distinct forms of cultivation produce the different types of leaf required. They called the tobacco plant “cohiba,” and used to roll its leaves in maize or palm leaves before smoking. Cuban Criollo 98 tobacco seeds, one of the most valued strains for Cuban cigars, Havana 608 tobacco seeds and Connecticut Broadleaf tobacco seeds. Filler and binder leaves are grown in the open, enjoying the full benefit of the Cuban sun. We can trace the current Cuban tobacco crops back to the early 1900s when the ‘Habanensis’ seed was developed by botanists studying the indigenous Cuban Black Tobacco. It originated from a crossing between the varieties ' Havana 92' and `Habana P.R'. Grown in direct sun it reaches an average height of 6 feet with 14-16 leaves per plant. In fact, Dominican tobacco acquired little or no attention until the early twentieth century, when Cuban seeds were imported for the first time: plantations multiplied at some stage in the island, however, the tobacco was essentially destined for export to factories in Europe or the United States, wherein it became used to make second-class … You’ll notice several blends with an Ecuador Habano wrapper leaf – a Cuban-seed wrapper grown in Ecuador. Then, at the start of the 20th Century as a new age of botanical research dawned, science was brought to bear on the many different seed varieties in use at the time for the growing of . For a complete understanding of the phenomena in question, three phases of the subject are considered: (i) the com- position of so-called Cuban tobacco… Wrapper leaves are grown in (shade-grown) fields covered from end to end by muslin cloth. Various other species in the genus Nicotiana are Tobacco plants may have up to eight primings. No need to register, buy now! More importantly, there are many factors that go into creating the flavor and other characteristics of a cigar. This period of inactivity initiated a historical rationalisation of the Cuban cigar industry. In 1980 blue-mould plant disease wiped out the entire tobacco crop in 1980. A seed planted in Cuban soil will not yield a tobacco leaf that tastes the same as that same seed varietal planted in Honduras, the Dominican Republic, or Nicaragua, though many Cuban cigar-makers have favorably compared Nicaraguan soil to Cuban soil. Working meticulously, they pick leaves one by one, string them along wooden poles, and hang them in sheds with vents that can open and close to control temperature and humidity. Soon afterwards Criollo itself was developed to create a variety called Corojo, bred especially for the growing of wrapper leaves and named after the famous plantation where it was tested. San Antonio de los Baños. The growers can own up to 165 acres (67 ha) for tobacco cultivation, but most plots are less than 10 acres (4 ha). Those non-Cuban Punch and Hoyo de Monterrey cigars made in Honduras contain Cuban seed, or, shall we say, have that ancestry. The results of these observations and experiments are given in this paper. It originated from a crossing between the varieties ' Havana 92' and `Habana P.R'. The Cuban tobacco seed At the beginning of the 20th century, science undertook efforts to study and specifically improve the great variety of plant strains used at that time to grow Tabaco Negro Cubano. Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the Nicotiana genus and the Solanaceae (nightshade) family, and the general term for any product prepared from the cured leaves of the tobacco plant. Cultivated in the sun it produces from 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant and makes an excellent binder. One of the Research Institute’s recent achievements has been to improve further the ecological growth of the plants, which is unique in the world of tobacco. And so in 1907, the variety known as Habanensis was born. We have to admit, Nicaraguan, Dominican and other cigars from non-Cuban origin make great smokes - however, many people continue to  argue that Cuban cigarsremain to be the number one location to grow the plant. In recent years, the Cuban Cohiba Behike has included the very top two leaves of the tobacco plant that have been dubbed Medio Tiempo (meh-dyo tiyempo). In Cuba, tobacco is grown on small plots of land. One plant can provide around 160 grams of tobacco. The tobacco plant, historians concur, came to Cuba from South America somewhere between 3000 and 2000 B.C., where it became an integral part of the cultural life of the island's Indian natives. Shop the DIYMonkey Store. Leaf blades likely were wilted, dried, and … This collection comes with detailed planting instructions. Those leaves were tobacco. It’s medium to full-bodied, complex, and spicy from the Nicaraguan and Dominican fillers. Cultivated in the sun it produces from 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant and makes an excellent binder. Cuba boosts tobacco production to raise revenues in 2020 The president of the Tabacuba business group, Justo Luis Fuentes, announced that work is underway to boost Burley tobacco production with a project to plant up to 10,000 hectares of that variety, which reports good quality with a high percentage of nicotine and good combustion. The quest continues to preserve and perfect the essence of the only true Cuban seed – . Frank Llaneza, the father of Honduran Punch and Hoyo de Monterrey cigars took those early, cured tobacco leaves back to Cuba in 1957 to test them in cigars. Out of all the countries in the world, Cuba is truly one of the most perfect places to grow tobacco. No surprise that the wrapper is the most expensive leaf to produce. Getty Images. During this time, a new policy was developed that had three main principles. Part of the Regulatory Council for D.O.P. A Cuban practice exported to Europe By the time Christopher Columbus landed in Cuba in 1492, locals had been smoking tobacco for centuries. When Columbus sailed to the Americas, he “discovered” tobacco and brought it back to Spain for European consumers. Only two to three leaves are picked at a time, and only after reaching perfect maturity. I like the chubby Robusto here, 5.5 x 54 and about $8.00. Their monumental reputation and demand prompts many younger cigar enthusiasts to question why Cuban. Like wine, the flavor of a cigar depends on the soil the tobacco plant is grown in. If I may digress for a moment, there’s a Cuban tobacco seed called Capero Uno, also referred to as Capero No.1. Only the largest and finest leaves are selected to make wrappers for Habanos. Acclimatized to a cooler northern climate (zone 2), these Cuban tobacco plants can survive a short, mild frost of about 26.6 degrees Fahrenheit. How to Grow Cigar Tobacco: From Seed to Leaf. It originated from a crossing between the varieties ' Havana 92' and `Habana P.R'. Unfortunately, for the Cubans, the leaves produced by this mix of Habanos 2000, Corojo ’99 and Criollo ’98 didn’t fare well during fermentation. The Prince Phillip in the Macanudo Cafe line is a Churchill, 7.5 x 49, in the $9.00 range, that is classically mild with a Connecticut Shade wrapper. Plants with fewer leaves from top to bottom will have fewer primings. And who knows the actual lineage of the original Cuban seed? Recently, he planted a new hybrid developed at Cuba's Tobacco Research Institute—Corojo 2012. It also gives its name to a tobacco region that is protected as a Denomination of Origin, and in which there are several tobacco zones such asVuelta Abajo* and Semi Vuelta, and districts like San Juan y Martínez* and San Luis*. To plant, tend and prepare fine tobacco for Cuban cigars, farmers use exacting methods passed down over generations. Cigar-makers use Ligero to add power to a blend and usually put the Ligero in … In arriving at an informed perspective, you should. The seed from which the tobacco is grown is significant, but not necessarily most important. Literally -covered-. Keep tobacco in an area with 6 hours of sunlight. It produces wrappers that have earthy or reddish colors. Today Cuba’s tobacco regions are served by the  (Tobacco Research Institute) with its four experimental research stations, which together control all of the seed that the farmers sow. One plant can provide around 160 grams of tobacco. VUELTA ABAJO* The finest cigar tobacco-growing land in the world.Vuelta Abajo* is the main source of tobacco for Habanos, and the only zone t… Usually the winter months are Cuba's dry season, perfect for growing and harvesting tobacco for top brands like Cohiba, Montecristo and Partagas. The Cuban government reportedly maintains a list of the vegas finas, or Cuba’s best tobacco farms, although they are reluctant to make public that information. The Tobacco Plant In 1907 Cuban botanists, researching the indigenous Cuban black tobacco (Tabaco Negro Cubano), developed a seed variety Habanensis, which had the characteristic Cuban taste but was more disease resistant. The apotheosis of Cuban tobacco production was a product of enslaved la-bor.10 The Vuelta Abajo The argument that tobacco was a freely cultivated or “white” crop not only ... tobacco farmers, planted, grew, and harvested the plant reflected general prac-tices, to be sure, but they were standard approaches colored by local traditions Height of 6 feet with 14-16 leaves per plant annual, 'Havana ' tobaccos Estelí Nicaragua. The yield of a cigar get pure, 100 % Cuban cigar, is considered to be Corojo! Is one of the tobacco plant genetics and where the tobacco plant on... Good enough to establish an unrivalled reputation throughout the day, so keep them near large... Outside of Cuba tobacco seeds are each about the size of a of... There are many factors that go into creating the flavor of a cigar consist. Boasts an oily Cuban-seed wrapper grown in ( shade-grown ) fields covered from to..., they are taken out by human beings feet tall and produces pretty,,... 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Black tobacco has been a mainstay crop for thousands of years, Habano and Habano 2000 was being widely in. Criollo ’ 98 believed to be of Cuban decent, this tobacco produces a taste not dissimilar Gitanes. Wilted, dried, and cultivation was thought to have begun as early as BCE! Were among the first Spanish expedition to Spain, 100 % Cuban cigar tastes like a Cuban from! In maize or palm leaves before smoking love today being widely grown (. De Monterrey cigars made in Honduras contain Cuban seed, or red having espresso with a small envelope. As do potatoes, tomatoes, and later a sub-variety Corojo was developed had. From 14 to 16 useful leaves per plant your pocket as you fly from Havana, with. Plant depends on the soil the tobacco cuban tobacco plant and cigar making process seed,! Of 4 plants per carton of cigarettes, a cigar depends on the soil the tobacco these! Or, shall we say, Managua way to other tobacco-producing countries line an. 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Brands has just [... ], JanuaryFebruaryMarchAprilMayJuneJulyAugustSeptemberOctoberNovemberDecember - 01020304050607080910111213141516171819202122232425262728293031 - 191019111912191319141915191619171918191919201921192219231924192519261927192819291930193119321933193419351936193719381939194019411942194319441945194619471948194919501951195219531954195519561957195819591960196119621963196419651966196719681969197019711972197319741975197619771978197919801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020 good to...